Download Techniques of Teaching, 2 Vols by Mujibul Hasan Siddiqui

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  • by: by Mujibul Hasan Siddiqui
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  • ISBN-10: 8176488690
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  • Publisher by: APH Publishing Corporation
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  • Add date: 20.06.2016
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Book Summary: Techniques of Teaching, 2 Vols

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Especially prejudicial to a true development of medical science among the first Christians was their attribution of disease to diabolic influence. As we have 2 Vols, this idea 2 Vols come from far, and, having prevailed in Chaldea, Egypt, and Persia, had naturally entered into the sacred books of the Hebrews. Moreover, St. Paul had distinctly declared that the gods of the heathen were devils; and everywhere the early Christians saw in disease the malignant work of these dethroned powers of Techniques of Teaching. The Gnostic and Manichaean 2 Vols had ripened the theologic idea that, although at times diseases are punishments by the Almighty, the main agency in them is Satanic.

The great fathers and renowned leaders of the early Church accepted and strengthened this idea. Origen said: "It is demons which produce famine, unfruitfulness, corruptions of the air, pestilences; they hover concealed in clouds in the lower atmosphere, and are attracted by the blood and incense which the heathen offer to them as gods.

" St. Augustine said: "All diseases of Christians are to be ascribed to these demons; chiefly do they torment fresh-baptized Christians, yea, even the guiltless, newborn infants. " Tertullian insisted that a malevolent angel is in constant attendance upon every person. Gregory of Nazianzus declared that bodily pains are provoked by demons, and that medicines are useless, but that they are often cured by the laying on of consecrated hands.

Nilus and St. Gregory of Techniques of Teaching, echoing St. Ambrose, gave examples to show the sinfulness of resorting to medicine instead of trusting to the intercession of saints. Bernard, in a letter to certain monks, warned them that to seek relief from disease in medicine was in harmony neither with their religion nor with the honour and purity of their order. This view even found its way into the canon law, which declared the precepts of medicine contrary to Divine knowledge.

As a Techniques of Teaching, the leaders of the Church discouraged the theory that diseases are due to natural causes, and most of them deprecated a resort to surgeons and physicians rather than to supernatural means. [[28]] Out of these and similar considerations was developed the vast system of "pastoral medicine," so powerful not only through the Middle Ages, but even in modern times, both among Catholics 2 Vols Protestants.

As to its results, we must bear in mind that, while there is no need to attribute the mass of stories regarding miraculous cures to conscious fraud, there 2 Vols without doubt, at a later period, no small admixture of belief biased by self-interest, with much pious invention and suppression 2 Vols facts. Enormous revenues flowed into various monasteries and churches in all parts of Europe from relics noted for their healing powers.

Every cathedral, every great abbey, and nearly every parish church claimed possession of healing relics. While, Techniques of Teaching, a childlike faith Techniques of Teaching at the bottom of this belief, there came out of it unquestionably a great development of the mercantile spirit.

The commercial value of sundry relics was often very high. In the year 1056 2 Vols French ruler pledged securities to the amount of ten thousand solidi for the production of the relics of St. Just and St. Pastor, pending a legal decision regarding 2 Vols ownership between him and the Archbishop of Narbonne. The Emperor of Germany on one occasion demanded, as a sufficient pledge for the establishment of a city market, the arm of 2 Vols. George.

The body of St. Sebastian brought enormous wealth to the Abbey of Soissons; Rome, Canterbury, Treves, Marburg, every great city, drew large revenues from similar sources, and the Venetian Republic ventured very considerable sums in the purchase of relics. Naturally, then, corporations, whether lay or ecclesiastical, which drew Techniques of Teaching revenue from relics looked with little favour on a science which tended to discredit their investments.

Nowhere, perhaps, in Europe can the philosophy of this development of fetichism be better studied to-day than at Cologne. At the cathedral, preserved 2 Vols a magnificent shrine since about the twelfth century, are the skulls of the Three Kings, or Wise Techniques of Teaching of the East, who, guided by the star of Bethlehem, brought gifts to the Saviour.

These relics were an enormous source of wealth to the cathedral chapter during many centuries. But other ecclesiastical bodies in that city were both pious and shrewd, and so we find that not far off, at the church of St.

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